The operational loss in transmission and distribution (T & D) of Department of Power, Nagaland is nearly 60%, an official from the department told the Indo-Japan workshop, inviting surprise reactions and animated posers from the gathering.
Er. Kasho Chishi was speaking at the concluding day of the two-day workshop entitled "India-Japan partnership towards meeting the challenge of infrastructure development in India's Northeast" at Hotel Acacia, Dimapur.
While attributing the losses to a large extent to the topography of the state, the executive engineer from the department further informed that it is in the process of streamlining the losses. At present, the power demand of the state is nearly 350 Megawatt (MW). While the state has an installed capacity of 27 MW, another 200 MW is sourced from other states. The total projected demand of the state by the year 2019 is 400 MW.
It serves about 2.16lakh consumers as on March 31, 2014 with annual consumption of about 490.00 Mega Unit (MU), according to the Nagaland Electricity Regulatory Commission.
In this regard, the President of the Association of Power Engineers of Nagaland (APEN), Er Keviletuo Yiese, in its general conference last year, pointed out the hurdles in meeting the challenges and growth of the department. Against the projected demand of 400 MW and energy requirement of 2765.67 MU by 2019, the State faces an estimated shortfall of 50% and 71% respectively if the capacity addition and systems constraints are not addressed, he had told the conference. He also disclosed that the department runs on a very high Aggregate Technical and Commercial losses (AT&C) at 68%, mainly due to high percentage of under billing and non-billing of electricity bills.
Accordingly, Er Chishi today was asked how the department plans to meet the huge expected rise in power demands in 2019. He replied that the state is exploring various avenues to enhance both power generation as well as transmission capacity of the existing infrastructure in the state.
In this regard, he informed that a soft loan of Rs 729 crores from the World Bank is being availed to develop and expand the power sector's infrastructure in Nagaland. The loan is part of the Rs 5,111 crore project to develop and expand infrastructure in the power sector in six NE states.
The State has 75 MW Doyang Hydro Project which is run by the North Eastern Electric Power Corporation Limited (NEEPCO), 24 MW Likimro Hydro Electric Project, 1 MW Lang Hydro Electric Project and 1 MW Tehok Hydro Electric Project.
When another attendee asked whether Communitisation under Nagaland Communitisation of Public Institutions and Services Act in 2002 has generated any relief to the T&D losses, the Engineer informed that it was implemented only in rural areas and that its impacts were minimal.
The Communitisation process focused on three very important areas: Elementary education, Grass root health services and Electricity management.
Replying to a question on whether the state is benefiting out of the Doyang Hydro Project in Wokha, he stated that since the project is a central initiative, upon completion the state gets a percentage out of the power generation and the rest are shared with other State according to ratio stipulated by the centre.
Further asked if the corporatization of electricity department is being implemented in the state like in other states, Chishi informed that reforms are being undertaken in a larger perspective in the state and it is in the process of finalization.