According to the National Sample Survey Organisation’s (NSSO) latest report on Household Consumption Expenditure in India: 2006-07, released in New Delhi on 31-10-2008, only 56 per cent of households use electricity as the major fuel for lighting, with these ranging from 11 per cent in Bihar, 26 per cent in Uttar Pradesh, 30 per cent in Orissa, 32 per cent in Assam and 37 per cent each in Jharkhand to 95 per cent in Punjab, 91 per cent in Haryana, 90 per cent in Tamil Nadu, 88 per cent in Karnataka and Kerala, 84 per cent in Andhra Pradesh and 83 per cent in Gujarat.
Even after implementation of power sector reforms in various states, more than 50% of rural India is still using kerosene for their energy needs. Although Central Government says that reforms are for bringing electricity to rural areas, the actual result is the increase in cost of electricity. Electricity is becomming unafordable for the poor.
As much as 88 per cent of households in rural Bihar use kerosene as major fuel for lighting, with these being 72 per cent in Uttar Pradesh, 69 per cent in Orissa, 67 per cent in Assam and 62 per cent in Jharkhand. Three-fourths of households in rural India continue to depend on firewood and chips as their main cooking fuel. Less than one in 10 rural households use liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as their major cooking fuel.