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Home News Power Sector News World's first floating nuclear power plant drifts towards the Arctic

World's first floating nuclear power plant drifts towards the Arctic

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FNPPRussia's state-run Atomic Energy Corporation, ROSATOM developed the 'Akademik Lomonosov' worlds first floating nuclear power plant (FNPP).

The FNPP was designed to make it possible to supply electricity to hard-to-reach areas, regardless of transport infrastructure, landscape, and cost of fuel delivery. The reactor has the potential to work particularly well in regions with extended coastlines, power supply shortages, and limited access to electrical grids.

    Akademik Lomonosov -- the first ship of this kind -- was named for 18th-century Russian scientist Mikhail Lomonosov
    The nuclear floating unit is equipped with two KLT-40C reactor systems similar to those used on icebreakers
    The vessel is 144 metres long and 30 metres wide
    It has a displacement of 21,000 tonnes
    The lifecycle of the FNPP is 40 years with the possibility of being extended to up to 50 years
    After decommissioning, the unit will be towed to a special deconstruction and recycling facility
    No spent nuclear fuel or radioactive waste will be left behind as it will be taken to the special storage facilities

For fossil fuel-based electricity generation, up to 40 per cent of the cost is attributed to the price of coal, oil or gas, as well as to the cost of their delivery. This figure is even higher for especially remote locations.

The small size, lightweight, and fixed cost of the FNPP eliminate many such challenges. The small nuclear reactor can operate non-stop without the need for refuelling for three to five years, thereby considerably reducing the cost of electricity generation.

ROSATOM is already working on the second generation Floating Power Units, or Optimized Floating Power Units (OFPUs), which will be equipped with two RITM (Rhythmn) - 200M reactors (each with a capacity of 50 MW). In addition to having a greater power capacity, OFPUs will be smaller than the predecessor.

The Floating Nuclear Power Unit Lomonosov has been now stationed in Murmansk in Russia to be loaded with fuel. Once loaded with fuel Lomonosov will be towed to the town of Pevek in Chukotka (Russian Far East) next year (in 2019), Here, upon connection to the grid, it will become the world's so far only operational floating nuclear power plant and the northernmost nuclear installation in the world.

It will replace a coal-fired power plant and an aging nuclear power plant Bilibino, supplying over 50,000 people with electricity and reducing carbon footprint in the Arctic by tens of thousands of tonnes of CO2 emissions each year.

Its average towing speed is estimated at 3.5-4.5 knots. All necessary construction works to create on-shore infrastructure are underway in Pevek.

The pier, hydraulic engineering structures, and other buildings, crucial for the mooring of the floating unit and operation of an FNPP will be ready to use upon Akademik Lomonosov arrival in Pevek.

ROSATOM is the only company in the world to offer integrated clean energy solutions across the nuclear supply chain and beyond, including the design, build and operation of nuclear power stations, uranium mining, conversion and enrichment, the supply of nuclear fuel, decommissioning, spent fuel storage and transportation and safe nuclear waste disposal.

With seventy years' continuous experience, the company is the world leader in high-performance solutions for all kinds of nuclear power plants. It is also working in the segments of wind generation, nuclear medicine, energy storage and other.

Headquartered in Moscow, the company brings together over 300 enterprises and organizations and over 250,000 employees. Globally, the company has the second biggest uranium reserves, has 40 per cent of the world's enrichment market, and is the world's biggest builder of the latest generation nuclear power stations and $133 billion 10-years export order book.


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